For centuries after her death, Joan remained a powerful symbol of French nationalism and pride. The legend of Joan of Arc, the heroic "Maid of Orleans," helped give France the sense of identity that propelled it into the modern era as a proud and unified nation-state.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Captured a year afterward, Joan was burned to death by the English and their French collaborators as a heretic. She became the greatest national heroine of her compatriots, and her achievement was a decisive factor in the later awakening of French national consciousness.
In her mission of expelling the English and their Burgundian allies from the Valois kingdom of France, she felt herself to be guided by the voices of St. Catherine of Alexandriaand St. Joan was endowed with remarkable mental and physical courage, as well as a robust common sense, and she possessed many attributes characteristic of the female visionaries who were a noted feature of her time.
Reimsthe traditional place for the investiture of French kings, was well within the territory held by his enemies. As long as the Dauphin remained unconsecrated, the rightfulness of his claim to be king of France was open to challenge.
The villagers had already had to abandon their homes before Burgundian threats. He did not take the year-old and her visions seriously, and she returned home. Joan went to Vaucouleurs again in January This time her quiet firmness and piety gained her the respect of the people, and the captain, persuaded that she was neither a witch nor feebleminded, allowed her to go to the Dauphin at Chinon.
Crossing territory held by the enemy, and traveling for 11 days, she reached Chinon. Joan went at once to the castle of the dauphin Charles, who was initially uncertain whether to receive her.
His counselors gave him conflicting advice; but two days later he granted her an audience. As a test Charles hid himself among his courtiers, but Joan quickly detected him; she told him that she wished to go to battle against the English and that she would have him crowned at Reims.
These examinations, the record of which has not survived, were occasioned by the ever-present fear of heresy following the end of the Western Schism in Joan of Arc answering the questions of the prelates. She had her standard painted with an image of Christ in Judgment and a banner made bearing the name of Jesus.
When the question of a sword was brought up, she declared that it would be found in the church of Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois, and one was in fact discovered there. The city, besieged since October 12,was almost totally surrounded by a ring of English strongholds. When Joan and one of the French commanders, La Hire, entered with supplies on April 29, she was told that action must be deferred until further reinforcements could be brought in.
On the evening of May 4, when Joan was resting, she suddenly sprang up, apparently inspired, and announced that she must go and attack the English. Arming herself, she hurried to an English fort east of the city, where she discovered an engagement was already taking place.
Her arrival roused the French, and they took the fort. The next day Joan addressed another of her letters of defiance to the English.
On the morning of May 6 she crossed to the south bank of the river and advanced toward another fort; the English immediately evacuated in order to defend a stronger position nearby, but Joan and La Hire attacked them and took it by storm. Very early on May 7 the French advanced against the fort of Les Tourelles.
Joan was wounded but quickly returned to the fight, and it was thanks in part to her example that the French commanders maintained the attack until the English capitulated. Next day the English were seen retreating, but, because it was a Sunday, Joan refused to allow any pursuit.
She urged him to make haste to Reims to be crowned. It was decided, however, first to clear the English out of the other towns along the Loire River.
They next attacked Beaugencywhereupon the English retreated into the castle. After making him swear fidelityshe accepted his help, and shortly thereafter the castle of Beaugency was surrendered. The French and English armies came face to face at Patay on June 18, Joan promised success to the French, saying that Charles would win a greater victory that day than any he had won so far.
The victory was indeed complete; the English army was routed and with it, finally, its reputation for invincibility.Joan of Arc Archive – Online collection of Joan of Arc-related materials, including biographies and translations. "Blessed Joan of Arc" (written before her canonization) – Catholic .
Did Joan of Arc's actions only affect France or did they have an impact on the whole world? Joan of Arc is not only a hero to people in France but has become a great hero to people all over the world.
Watch video · Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans," was born in in Domrémy, Bar, France. A national heroine of France, at age 18 she led the French army to . Dear Brothers and Sisters, Today I would like to talk to you about Joan of Arc, a young Saint who lived at the end of the Middle Ages who died at the age of 19, in Feb 18, · Her impact has been far reaching--she is still a controversial figure today (there are lots of opinions of her inspiration, whether it was indeed divine, demoniacal, mental illness, or something else), but it's undeniable that she rallied the French to fight for the recovery of their tranceformingnlp.com: Resolved.
The statue of Joan of Arc that stands beside Reims cathedral is an oddity. True, for a lady of , she looks in good shape. But I can't help feeling that this version of France's heroine is off.