Greek Hoplites hoplite hoplite facts military history youshouldknow Posted By:
The de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver offered a little bit of everything - which made her a popular STOL platform With the fall of the Mycenaean civilization, remnants moved on to the mountains of Greece to begin anew, farming the land for crops and raising livestock as best they could, all the while defending their newfound territories from one another and miscellaneous roaming bands.
Along the way, various individuals stood out, claiming their lineage as indisputable direct links to the true Greek gods. These particular men would rise up as leaders in their local communities and be called upon as one of the first to fight in the defense of their properties.
With this responsibility arose the need for these men to become trained in the methods of warfare and all the elements that went along with it in the form of armor and weaponry.
The end result was an individual that became quite a capable battlefield unit, one that would eventually learn to work together with other like-units in the defense of larger groups of inhabitants and dwellings covering even larger territories.
Such was the birth of organized combat in the Greek city-state. The new organized approach to combat forged ties between some groups over others and, with these organizations, armies were now fit to colonize nearby territories even further.
Thus began the expansion of the once-individual groups of Greek dwellers. Rise of the Spartans The Spartans were a group of inhabitants that claimed organization within their once-growing towns and graduated into a full-fledged city, or polis hence the modern usage of the term of metropolis.
Already a somewhat dominant peoples, the Spartans were blessed with taking one of the more fertile portions of Greek land from neighboring Messenians which offered an abundance of raw materials and territory - up to half of everything the conquered Messenians could produce in fact.
The Greek hoplite choice of armor: Hoplites were heavy infantry that operated efficiently in large organized formations known as a phalanx. Armor was designed to protect the most vital areas of the soldier. Spartan and Macedonian Hoplites differed somewhat from the base Greek counterpart.
Stemming from the creation of a new strategy of warfare created by a named King Pheidon, the "phalanx" formation was now born - and with it, the hoplite infantryman as well. A new generation of successful citizens was called upon to become this organized band of warriors, armed with principle elements such as the hopla — essentially a word derived to encompass the individual elements making up the whole in the form of an armored helmet, cuirass, leg greaves, the shield incidentally identified as the hoplon and a spear, held overhand and used for thrusting.
These elements came together to present the collective naming convention recognized as "hoplite", a term today generally associated with the Greek phalanx formation. The Hoplite would go on to become the symbol of power and masculinity in the Ancient Greek world, operating as a team of heavy infantry against lightly-armored and less-organized foes.
The individual hoplite was fielded with his most important tool - the thrusting spear, measuring between 6 to 10 feet in length depending on construction practices later hoplites would be fielded with thrusting spears measuring some 18 feet long to keep enemies further at bay - these longer forms were known as Sarissas.
For maximum effectiveness, the hoplite could wield the spear in an underhand hold when maneuvering and in an over-shoulder grip when thrusting.
A bronze construction butt-spike was added to the aft-end of the spear to help balance the weight of the iron spearhead and could be used as an alternate weapon should the spear head break off.
The butt spike could fortify the spear into the ground to deflect against enemy cavalry charges as a "pike". For close-in fighting, the hoplite retained a 2-foot long straight sword held in an underarm wooden scabbard covered with reinforced leather complete with bronze fittings. A dagger might replace the sword in some instances.
The sword was of a pretty basic and generally nondescript, suitable for cutting and thrusting but held as a secondary weapon to the spear.
The next important element in the hopla was the hoplite shield. Weighing in at some 12 to 15 pounds, the hoplon was a relatively large rounded piece of protection that shielded the user by covering his lower face on down to about mid-knee. The hoplon was predominantly made of wood with a bronze-constructed facing and furthered strengthened by a leather inner lining.
The wearer would slip his forearm into a band on the inside of the shield for maximum fit and grip another available loop band in his hand. This allowed the hoplite the freedom to quickly wield his hoplon in the defensive or offensive position.
The hoplite could swing the flat or edge sides of the hoplon at his enemy as equally as he could adjust to deflect enemy artillery or spear blows. Later evolutions of the hoplite shield would see a smaller, lighter version fielded Macedonian hoplitesallowing for improved mobility and creating a new generation of equally-feared infantry unit in the form of the Macedonian hoplite.
Body protection was provided in the form of a cuirass made of metal scales backed by stiffened linen strips. Head protection came from the well known use of Corinthian-style helmets though these could come in a myriad of designs and shapes.
Evolved throughout decades of conflict, the basic helmet design offered protection to the head, nose and cheeks while later designs opened ear holes for better battlefield communications. Decorative measures on the helmet were taken as well and these were seen in the form of horse-plumes which could be died for added customizability and battlefield recognition.
Later, more efficient Macedonian Hoplites would field a smaller round shield as opposed to the larger round one.Modern illustration of a 4th century BCE Greek hoplite. License. Based on Wikipedia content that has been reviewed, edited, and republished.
Original image by Johnny tranceformingnlp.comed by Jan van der Crabben, published on 26 April under the following license: Public tranceformingnlp.com item is in the public domain, and can be used, copied, and modified without any restrictions.
A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and .
use the following search parameters to narrow your results: subreddit:subreddit find submissions in "subreddit" author:username find submissions by "username" site:tranceformingnlp.com find . The Greek hoplite choice of armor: Hoplites were heavy infantry that operated efficiently in large organized formations known as a phalanx.
Armor was designed to protect the . The Greek word for military equipment roughly translates to hopla, and thus a hoplite simply pertained to the ancient version of the ‘man at arms’ or ‘armored man’.
Of course, unlike their late medieval counterparts, the hoplites were first and foremost citizen-soldiers – and thus were. A Greek Hoplite by Unknown Interesting Facts About the Soldiers and War of Ancient Greece. Greek soldiers sometimes decorated their shields.
A common symbol put on the shields of the soldiers of Athens was a little owl which represented the goddess Athena. Government of Ancient Greece Greek Alphabet: Daily Life Daily Lives of the.