Read this article to learn about the definition, development, nature and different concepts of bureaucracy in public administration. The term or word bureaucracy has two parts-one is bureau which means an office transacting particular business or a government department.
The data is instructive with regard to this state of affairs. In the twenty years between and the nondefense government payroll jumped per cent. More individuals were added to government service in these twenty years than in the preceding years since the founding of the United States. Byhe had fallen 10 per cent behind.
Employment in the Department of Agriculture went up 47 per cent between and 78, toalthough the number of farms in the U. In the Internal Revenue Service, the staff grew 28 per cent between and 56, to 72,almost parallel to the number of tax returns filed, which increased 26 per cent, from 89 million to million.
Yet, the number of tax returns per employee dropped from toeven though during this same period the I. At the same time, audits declined from 4. Trends in Public Education In the field of public education, enrollment almost doubled between and while the number of teachers and other school employees tripled.
Inthere was one employee for every Comparing the trends in public education and in other areas, Professor Roger Freeman notes that, "Trends in public education and in the American economy generally have been running in opposite directions.
Results of scholastic aptitude test scores show a decline in almost every knowledge and skill area. In yet another area of public employment, police protection, we find precisely the same trend.
Despite this increased ratio of protection, crime did not decrease—it increased. Between andthe U. So will a look at the U. Postal Service and, unfortunately, at almost every other U. The proposition they seem to accept is that bureaucracy is not necessarily inefficient and uneconomical in itself, but can be corrected.
In another study, Richard S. Not only is productivity in these groups lagging, but little is being done about it. Roger Freeman makes this point: It is a natural tendency for a public employee to want to handle fewer cases—pupils, tax returns, welfare families, crimes—in the belief that he could do a better job if he had a smaller workload, and most certainly have an easier life.
For the supervisor there is a definite gain in stature, position—and even grade—by having a larger number of subordinates.In this lesson, we will study the American bureaucracy. We will explore its nature and characteristics, examine its role and functions, and take a close look at its human face.
The Bureaucracy: The Real Government. Red tape.
Paper pushers. Bean counters. Vast, cookie-cutter buildings with fluorescent lighting and thousands of file cabinets. This building in Washington, D.C., houses the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, a bureaucratic agency. services to the public. A governmental bureaucracy is concerned with administering policies that provide services to the people.
These fundamental differences between public and private bureaucracies make comparisons difficult. B. Models of Bureaucracy 1.
Weberian Model. Ludwig von Mises on the Nature of Bureaucracy The evidence is persuasive that government bureaucracy is inherently inefficient precisely because it is not faced with any of the forces which make private business management its opposite.
Philippine bureaucracy is not purely Weberian in nature, but rather a hybrid between a Weberian and Predatory/Neopatrimonial bureaucracy (Goh, ) (c. Jaffee, ) (c. Google Images, n.d.).
“Characteristics of Bureaucracy” Bureaucracy refers to the management of large organizations characterized by hierarchy, fixed rules, impersonal relationships, rigid adherence to procedures, and a highly specialized division of labor.